The Great Wall of China, Wanli Chancheng, Wade-Giles Romanization, Wan-Lee Chang-Cheng, is the largest construction project in the world and is a huge fortress built in ancient China.
History of the Great Wall
The Great Wall is made up of many walls, all parallel to each other and built over two centuries in northern China and southern Mongolia. The longest and best-preserved type of wall descends from the Ming dynasty (1368-1644) and extends for 8,850 km southeast of Mount Liaoning, from Hu near Dandong, northwest of Gansu to Juan and west to the pass of Jiayu. This wall observes snakes across the mountains and valleys of the Chinese landscape. Natural barriers, such as rivers and mountain ranges, make up about a quarter of its length. Except for small shafts or moats, the rest of the wall (approximately 70% of the total length) is built. Although much of the wall has been destroyed or missing, it is still the most prominent structure on Earth. The Great Wall was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
Most of the fortresses were built in the 6th century BC. C. Between centuries VII and IV. BC In the 3rd century, Xihuangdi, the first emperor of China to meet with Qin, integrated several existing defensive walls into a single structure (under the Qin dynasty). The Shanghai Pass, on the east side of the Hebei area on the shores of the Bo Hai Gulf, is historically known as the eastern end of the wall and is believed to extend the length of the wall without its branches and other parts. More than 4,160 miles (6,700 km). Since the early 1990s, government-sponsored studies have uncovered parts of the wall in Liaoning, eventually revealing that the wall still protects most of the province. The full length of the Ming Ming was announced in 2009.
The Great Wall Construction history
The Great Wall was built using the forts and palaces of various Chinese kingdoms along its borders. For years, these kingdoms often cared to protect themselves from fierce invasions or attacks from their immediate neighbors.
BC In the 7th century, the Chu province began to establish a permanent defense system. The fort of the “square wall” was located in the northern part of the capital of the kingdom. From the 6th to the 4th century, other kingdoms followed Chu’s rule. Using established river basins, newly formed basins, and mountainous terrain, a large border wall was systematically built in the southern part of Qi Province.
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The Kui wall was made primarily of earth and stone and stretched to the shores of the Yellow Sea. Zhongshan County built a wall structure to prevent an attack from the southwestern Shao and Qin colonies. The walls of the Hexi (“west of the Yellow River”) and the Henan (east of the “Yellow River”) served as defensive lines along the V border (“south of the river”). The Hexi frescoes served as a stronghold against the Qin dynasty and western nomads. It was built during the reign of King Hui (370-335 BC) and expanded along the western boundary of the Luo River. It begins south of Xianguan Cave and ends in Guang, an autonomous region of Inner Mongolia, east of Mount Hua. The Henan Wall was built to protect Daliang (the capital, now Kaifeng) and was later rebuilt by King Hui. Zheng Province also built a walled building that was rebuilt by Han Province after Zheng’s defeat. Zhao County built a south wall and a north wall, and the south wall was largely a barrier for the province.
After the reorganization of the Shang Yang administration (who died in 338 BC), Qin became the most powerful of the seven provinces economically and militarily, but it was also occupied by two nominal northern peoples, Dong and Lufan. . Quinn built a wall that started at Lintiao, headed north to the Liupan Mountains, and ended at Huang He (Yellow River).
Yan Province has built two separate defense lines to protect the kingdom from attacks from the northern provinces of Dongguan, Linhu and Lufan, as well as the southern province of Ki. The Yeshua Wall was built as a barrier to the Yi River against its two main rival nations, Qi and Shao. It started southwest of the capital, Yi, and ended in Wenan, the southernmost city in the province. BC The northern part of the Yang River was built in 290 and stretched from Hebei to the ancient city of Xiangpin, crossing the Liao River (present-day Liaon). In the Shanghuo era, this was the last part of the Great Wall.
Xihuan, the first Qin emperor, completed the conquest of Qi in 221 BC. C. to reunite China. He called for the demolition of the forts built between the ancient kingdoms, as they were an impediment to internal movement and management. He sent General Meng Tian to protect the northern border from nomadic invasions of Zion and to connect the sections of the current wall of Qin, Yan and Zhao with the so-called “10,000 li long wall” (2 li equivalent to 0.6 km [km]). Construction period BC. It started around 214 and lasted for ten years. Hundreds of thousands of soldiers and recruits joined the operation. However, after the death of Shihwandi and the collapse of the Qin dynasty, the wall essentially collapsed.
The Han Dynasty was ruled by the Yuan Dynasty.
During the reign of Han (141-87 BC), Emperor Woody fortified the wall as part of a general campaign against Ziong. During this time, the Great Wall supported agriculture in northern and western China, as well as the development of the Silk Road trade route. A 20-year-old construction project on the Hexi wall (typical side wall) between East Yongdeng (now Gansu) and Lop Noor Lake in the west dates back to BC. Founded in 121 (now Xinjiang). According to Juan Hanjian, “one beacon for every five trees, one fortress for every ten trees, one fortress for every 30 forests, one fortress once every 100 forests” were among the forts along the wall.
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Hanhi (east) AD. 25-220), the wall was erected during the reign of Liu Xiu (Guangdou), who ordered the restoration of four lines parallel to the Great Wall in the area south of the Hughes wall. Mainly work. The Great Wall served to secure and centralize commercial and transportation access.
During the Bei (northern) Wei dynasty (AD 386–534 / 535), the Great Wall was rebuilt and enlarged in response to attacks by Juan-Juan and Kitan in the north. Part of the Great Wall was built south of the city of Chanchuan in 417, the eighth year of Minguandi’s reign (409–423), and stretches from Chichen (now Hebei) in the east to Wuan (now Inner Mongolia) in the West. , Covering 620 miles (1,000 km). To balance the Great Wall, a low, thin-walled earthen wall was built around the capital during Thayudi’s reign (423–452). It looped around Datong and stretched from Guangling to the eastern part of Huang He. Since its capital moved east to Yi in 549, the Dong Wei Kingdom has also built part of the Great Wall in what is now Shanxi Province.
To defend its northern border and protect itself from Bei Shaw attacks in the west, the Kingdom of Bei Qi (550-577) embarked on a series of massive building campaigns against rivals from the Qin dynasty. In 552, part of the northwestern border wall was built, and the emperor hired 1.8 million citizens to rebuild and extend the rest of the wall three years later. Construction took place between Jeong Pass-South (near present-day Beijing) and Datong (in Shanxi). In 556 a new fort was built to the east, extending to the Yellow Sea.
The following year, a second wall was built beyond the Modern Shanxi Great Wall, stretching east from Laoing to Pyongyang, passing through Yanman Pass and Pingxing Pass, and ending in the Xiaguan District of Shanxi. In 563, part of the Taihang Mountains was restored by Emperor Wuchendi of Bei Qi. This is the current state of the Great Wall in Longguan, Guangzhou and Fuping (Shanxi and Hebei). The inner wall was renovated in 557, and a new wall was started near Xiaguan and extended east to Jeong Pass, connecting with the outer wall. During the Bei Qi era, the total distance for reconditioned and assembled parts was 900 miles (1,500 miles), and cities and barracks were regularly built to protect new parts. In 579, Emperor Jing embarked on a massive rebuilding of the walls of the ancient Bei Qi Empire, which ran from Yanman in the west to Jishi in the east. To prevent an invasion of the Bei Shaw Kingdom (a tribe from eastern Turkey) in Tuju. ) And the Kingdom of the kittens.
A Guide to the Great Wall of China
How long was the Great Wall of China built? There is no precise record, since the beginning of the wall there was no written record. If you were to estimate all the sections built, then a conservative estimate would be around thirteen thousand. The most famous (and by far the longest) section was built during the Ming Dynasty, which was also from over seven thousand to five thousand years ago.
Hiking along the Great Wall of China is certainly an experience of a lifetime. It can easily be considered a trip down memory lane. On your way up, you will see spectacular scenery: cliffs, waterfalls, hills, lakes, terrains, etc. You will pass through small villages and towns. The Great Wall of China is almost a tourist attraction unto itself. When you decide to take your family hiking trips along the great wall of China, it is recommended that they carry a good map, since there are numerous inaccuracies on the original map, most of which are now covered up.
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For those not interested in the history of the great wall of China, it is interesting to know that this is not where all of the stories about ancient Chinese visit today. The original story of the wall was that it was built to guard against invasion from the Mongol army. Now-a-days, the wall is also considered a national treasure and is visited by hikers from all over the world. Some consider it to be even more important than the pyramids of Egypt.
Hikers and tourists can embark on a journey called the Beijing Tourism Complex, which includes a walkway from the Jiu-Jitsu stadium to the free section of the Great Wall of China. One of the most popular sections for the Beijing tourism complex is the Forbidden City, which is administered by Beijing Tourism. This is the section where all of the information on the various sections of the wall can be found. It is also possible to visit the five painted terracotta warriors at the Menghua Temple.
The other sections include the Jingdezhen, Huangyang, Chongming, and Xujiahui sections. The Jingdezhen sections of the wall were built by the Ming Dynasty, which had wide networks of roads along its sections. The Huangyang and Chongming sections were built during the early times of the Later Khmer Dynasty. The Xujiahui tower, which is considered as one of the seven wonders of the world, was built by the Khmer.
There are many places within Beijing that allow you to view the wall. In addition to the regular tourist attractions in Beijing like the National Museum, the Forbidden City, or the International Exhibition Centre, there are other places that you should not miss out on. The sections that showcase the early history of the Forbidden City, the Jingdezhen area, or the Xujiahui region contain numerous small shops and restaurants that are run by local Chinese people. These are the areas where you will find the freshest seafood, flowers, rare spices, and much more. They serve their dishes at extremely low prices, which are kept low due to the lack of foreign currency exchange at that time in China.
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Travelers who want to experience a different kind of scenery and culture should head towards the mountain regions of the Beijing. The western portion of Beijing has many small hills and mountains, which are known for being very picturesque and ideal for photography. The eastern part of the city has grasslands and rice fields. Tourists are not allowed to take photos in these areas because they are considered a security risk. The grasslands and rice fields of these two regions make up most of the Beijing scenery.
The ancient Chinese had written about the high Mountains of the Milky Way, the Yellow River, and the Tiger Leaping Dragon. These all forms of waterfalls and lakes can be found in Beijing. There is also a large amount of the Tibetan Buddhist monasteries scattered all over the city. The Tibetan buildings were built many hundreds of years ago during the turbulent times when Dalai Lama was still a child. All in all, the sights, sounds, smells, tastes, and tastes of the Chinese people will truly fascinate and enthrall tourists.