Sigiriya, another glorious foothill of Sinhala history, is one of the eighth wonders of Sinhala art, architecture, and architecture in the world. According to our genealogy, the story of Sigiriya revolves around King Kasyapa I, the founder of Sigiriya, who is facing a tragic end.
Sigiriya is an ancient royal palace dating back to the 4th century. At that time Sigiriya was used as a palace as well as a fort. Evidence of the amazing creative talent of the Hela artist in the days of the previous kings can still be seen in the Sigiriya premises.
This great art gallery is located about 9 miles north of Dambulla on the Colombo – Trincomalee road. Sigiriya is a remnant mountain range of the Inamaluwa Coral Reef, close to the foothills of the Malay Rata in the southern boundary of the Northern Plains in the Matale District. This rock rises about 600 feet above the plain. The size of the top of Sigiriya which is 3km long and 1km wide is 3 acres. This magnificent architectural complex of stone and brick was built in AD. Built-in the late 5th century. With majestic walls, moats, defensive chambers, natural stone arches, and flower gardens, and the Great Wall, also known as the Mirror Wall, the majestic majesty of the majestic wall, the majestic majesty of the majestic wall.
History of Sigiriya
King Dhatusena, who ruled in Anuradhapura, had a son named Kashyapa who was given an iron robe and two sons named Mughals, and a daughter who was given to Queen Abhishek. The king gave her in marriage to his sister’s son, General Migara.
King Dhatusena was angry that Migara had brutally beaten his daughter one day and ordered that his sister Migara’s mother be stripped naked and burned to death. Due to this, General Migara, who wanted to take revenge on King Dhatusena, persuaded the Kashyapa princes to take over the kingdom. Meanwhile, the Mughal prince organized forces and fled to India with the aim of gaining the kingdom.
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General Migara added that King Dhatusena hated King Dhatusena even more, claiming that King Dhatusena had deposited wealth on behalf of Prince Mughal. When asked about the wealth deposited by the Mughal princes, King Dhatusena told the Kashyapa princes that the wealth was Kalawewa. The enraged princes of Kasyapa ordered him to strip naked his pyre and put it on the wall of the Kalawewa tank and kill it with clay.
History testifies that King Kasyapa built the Sigiriya fortified kingdom for fear that one day his brother Prince Mughal would go to war with him to avenge the death of his father.
- The history of Sigiriya that we see today dates back to AD. In 477, King Kasyapa built his palace on the top of the Sigiriya rock.
- The palace and other buildings built on the Sigiriya rock are a testament to the advanced architecture of Sri Lanka at that time.
- The symmetrically designed water park and its drainage system have become a masterpiece of modern engineering. The water flower system, which is still active when it rains, showcases the amazing abilities of the Hela designers of the Sigiriya period.
Sigiriya is famous for its murals. Experts are of the opinion that it is one of the finest works of art in Sri Lanka. There are currently 22 images of Lalana in gold and blue. The first Commissioner of Archeology of the country HPC stated that the women of color in gold are the women of the inner city and the women of color in blue are the maids. Says Mr. Bell. He has further stated that these women are going to pay homage to Pidurangala with flowers.
Later, Commissioner of Archeology Senarath Paranavithana who was appointed to the post said that these women were dressed as symbols of Vijju Latha and Megha Latha.
Another unique creation of Sigiriya, the Mirror Wall has been noted by people of all walks of life who have since visited Sigiriya. Today, it is said that there are about 700 clearly identifiable songs. The language of the past, their taste, and the gradual evolution of the Sinhala language are clearly seen in these songs.
Sigiriya, which was gradually overgrown by forests, was rediscovered in 1831 by Major H.W. By Forbes. Back in 1833, Forbes went as far as the mirror-walled road at Sigiriya but was unable to climb the rock. But it is said that in 1853, two young civil servants, AY Adams and J. Bailey, first climbed the Sigiriya rock. In 1894, Mr. HCP Bell cleared Sigiriya and resumed archeological excavations.
Sigiriya, a masterpiece of ancient Sri Lankans, is a masterpiece that showcases the uniqueness of Sri Lankan culture and its genius.
The west gate of Sigiriya has been excavated. Accordingly, many parts of its water park have been raised. Although excavations have been carried out at the eastern entrance, excavations in the area have revealed that the construction of buildings on the eastern side has been halted. By the time Prince Mughal came to war, cities were probably being created in the east. Archaeologists say that the area was designed to accommodate large rock carriages, most likely ivory carts.
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After 18 years, the Mughal prince, who had gathered troops, came to war with King Kasyapa. Legend has it that when King Kasyapa went to war and was unable to cross a mud pit, King Kasyapa’s army ran away empty – handed, thinking that the king had fled when his elephants turned back. After the death of King Kasyapa, the Mughal emperor conquered the kingdom, held a funeral suitable for his brother, a king, buried his ashes and made a pillar. The stupa was found near the Pidurangala temple. King Mughal handed over Sigiriya to the monks and returned to Anuradhapura.
The Sigiriya rock then known as Sinhagiriya was later transformed into Sigiriya.
The Sigiriya rock is in the form of a lion to the east and the entrance to the upper floor of Sigiriya is through a lion’s mouth. Security booths in the form of lions have also been found. Accordingly, it is clear that the name Sinhagiriya was used to refer to Sigiriya.
Today, Sigiriya is explored by the Cultural Triangle. Sigiriya, like other forts found in Sri Lanka, is protected by moats, wall foundations, etc. The Palace of the Ruler is located on the secure upper floor. On the outside of the Sigiriya, waterfall is a large wall made of stone and brick, with water inches on the inside. The water wall is about 80 feet wide. It is also said that the wooden inner bridge was used so that it could be used only when required according to the ruins found there. Inside is a wall made of stone and brick
The land around Sigiriya is divided into 3 parts as Water Park (Symmetrical Plan), Rock Garden (Natural Plan) and Malaka Garden. After the wall that meets the water wall, when you enter Sigiriya in the west, you first enter the water park. This part is called Malaka Garden as it has more ponds. This section is called the symmetrical plan because it removes geographical barriers such as trees and rocks and constructs parallel buildings and ponds on both sides of the road in a systematic plan.
Then you will enter the rock garden. That part is called the rock garden because it is mostly rocky. Also, the section is called the natural plan because the trees and rocks in the section have been removed and various designs have been used to beautify the environment.
The upper bouts featured two cutaways, for easier access to the higher frets. Among the major archeological sites found there are the Sigiriya paintings, the mirror wall, the lion’s feet, the main palace and the two ponds on the rock top and the stone seat. Apart from the west gate to Sigiriya, there is evidence that the gates were located on the east, south and north sides.
The architecture of Sigiriya
Sigiriya is more important in the study of architecture in Sri Lanka. That is to say, although many archeological ruins have been found in places such as Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa, they were developed over a long period of time under a number of rulers. It did not develop under a large number of rulers because it was not used as a state center. Accordingly, it is more important to study the design, architecture, architecture, water technology, etc. of Sri Lankan designers.
Also, most of the ruins found in Anuradhapura and Polonnaruwa above are religious ruins and the ruins found at Sigiriya are secular ruins, making Sigiriya a major player in the study of secular architecture in Sri Lanka. Among the ruins found at Sigiriya are the secular ruins that are not necessary for a fort, such as cold palaces, amusement parks, and water pools. The ruins of a cold palace have been found near the water park. An underground waterway from the pond ran around the foundation of the cold palace and fell back into the pond, and it is not certain what technology existed. It is generally believed to be a cold palace. Also, the water park is very important and even today there is a water lily that comes underground during the rainy season and activates automatically.
The “Eighth Wonder of the World“, Sri Lanka
Lions Rock, which has been declared the eighth wonder of the world by UNESCO, should not be kept under a bushel. Sigiriya is located in the Matale district near the city of Dambulla and symbolizes the importance of the ancient history of Sri Lanka. Sigiriya is one of eight World Heritage sites in Sri Lanka, and 5th-century Lionine rock art and occult murals may have contributed to this privilege.
Believe. Kasyapa not only befriended the army commander accused of treason for taking the throne from his father, King Dhatusena but was victorious and imprisoned for killing his father. Moggalana was exiled to South India. Meanwhile, Moggallana did not want to lose the throne and moved his territory from Anuradhapura to Sigiriya. When the majestic Sigiriya, surrounded by the picturesque forests of Sri Lanka, could not be further embellished, Kashyapa set out to adorn the edge of Lions Rock with ancient Sinhalese poetry and kaleidoscopic murals. Statues were erected to examine the image of the king and the stones were polished.
In events like the Lion King, Moggalana returned and claimed his right to the throne. In 495 he defeated and restored Kasyapa. He then took the throne back to Anuradhapura and set out to explore Sigiriya for the tourists. If you are visiting Sri Lanka be sure to visit this place as there is no shortage of mythical branch stories to learn about Lion Rock. Sigiriya inspires photographers and history buffs around the world to measure their height and discover what they haven’t found.
Climb the stairs where it seems they have nowhere to go and climb the stairs to find mysterious messages and works of art that do not belong to this world. Sigiriya is for those who do not give up the search for forgotten secrets and it is worth it. Ground-level lion paw-shaped rocks, eerie-looking gates, and surrounding gardens, each with a unique charm and personality, and words don’t do its architectural masterpiece justice.